This manual deals with one type of social research called ‘needs assessment’. There are many other forms of research used in the fields of recreation, leisure and multiculturalism. Some of the other ways of doing research include: population studies, environmental studies, experimental programs, pilot projects etc. In this manual we will focus on several approaches to studying people’s needs. The results of these studies are used to help with the planning and the on-going evaluation of many different types of programs.